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    Entries in modification (3)


    Polaroid Land Camera - Battery Conversion Mod

    This is one of the most requested videos I have on my to do list. I'm still working on the video, but here is the Words and Pictures version of it.

    The metal body folding Polaroid Land cameras use an odd battery that has snaps on either end.

    These Polaroid cameras use either a 3v #532 battery, or a 4.5 volt #531 battery.
    To identify which battery your camera uses, open the battery compartment and read the engraved type on the back of the compartment door.
    If you are shopping for a Polaroid Pack camera, I would recommend looking for a 3 volt camera, as it is easier to convert.
    The chart below identifies which Polaroid Pack camera models use what type of battery:
    3 volt cameras, #532 battery
    103, 104, 125, 135, 210, 215, 315, 320, 330, 420, 430, 440, M60, and Countdown 70
    The following cameras use two 3 volt, #532 batteries, one of which is used for the built-in electronic development timer. 
    If converting one of these cameras, you need only replace the camera shutter battery.
    335, 350, 360, 450, M80, and Countdown 90
    4.5 volt cameras, #531 battery:
    100, 101, 102, 220, 225, 230, 240, 250, and 340
    3-Volt Mods

    3 Volt Mod - Version 1:
    This is the quick and dirty mod for 3v cameras can be done using a 3v lithium battery.
    Tools and Parts needed:
    • Utility knife
    • Electrician's Tape
    • CR 123 3v battery (or equivalent)

    Step 1:

    The unwind the wires that are looped around the plastic end of the snaps.

    Step 2:

    Cut the wires close to the snap.

    Step 3:

    Strip about 1/4" (3-4mm) of insulation from the ends of the wires.

    Step 4:

    Tape the white wire to the positive end of the battery.

    Step 5:

    Tape the black wire to the negative end of the battery.

    Step 6:

    Insert the taped battery in the battery clip.


    Check the shutter to make sure you have a positive connection to the battery.

    3 Volt Mod - Version 2:

    This is the more elegant version of the 3 volt mod. It uses a 2 AAA cell battery holder. I got mine from Radioshack, but any equivalent will do. The uncovered version is better, as the enclosed battery pack is slightly too large for the battery compartment.

    Tools and Parts needed:

    • Utility knife
    • Electrician's Tape
    • 2-cell AAA battery holder (Radioshack part #270-398B or equivalent)
    • phillips screwdriver (if you need to remove a screw-mounted battery holder)
    • needle nose pliers (if you need to remove a built in battery holder)

    Follow Steps 1-3 above.

    Step 4b:

    Take the black wire of the battery pack, and match it up with the black wire of the camera.

    Step 5b:

    Twist the wires together. Wrap the two wires together with a  1.5" length of electrical tape.

    Repeat these steps with the red and white wires.

    Optional: If you are handy with a soldering iron, solder the wires together for the best connection.

    Step 6b:

    Step 7b:

    You need to make room for the battery holder. If the battery clip screwed in, remove it with a small phillips screwdriver. If the battery clip is molded into the same plastic as the camera, you will have to remove it by nibbling at it with a pair of small needle nose pliers. 

    Note: A photograph will be added later, after I shoot the clip removal for the how-to video.


    4.5 Volt Mod - Version 1:

    This is the same as the 3 volt mod, version 2, except at the end. The 3 cell battery holder won't fit inside the battery compartment, se we need to make a notch in the battery compartment for the wires to come out. 

    Tools and Parts needed:

    • Utility knife
    • Electrician's Tape
    • 3-cell AAA battery holder (Radioshack part #270-42 or equivalent)
    • glue or velcro to attach the battery holder to the camera

    Follow Steps 1-3 from the 3 volt, Version 1

    Follow Steps 4b-6b from the 3 volt, Version 2, except you are connecting a 3 cell, 4.5 volt battery holder instead of the 2 cell holder.

    Step 7c:

    With the utility knife, start to scrape a notch to the left of the bump in the battery compartment door edge. You don't want to put the notch in the bump, as the bump is what holds the battery compartment door closed.

    The battery compartment is metal, but it's aluminum, so it can be cut by using the cutting edge of the utility knife to scrape a notch into the metal. Scrape the metal to remove it, by applying pressure, and dragging the blade perpindicular to the compartment edge (in the direction of the arrow). Once you get a slight divot going, it gets easier to cut down into the metal. Little shavings will come off as you cut into the metal.

    Step 8c:

    The finished notch.

    Step 9c:

    The battery pack can be attached to the camera with glue or industrial velcro applied to the battery pack and to the camera body.


    To come: 4.5 volt mod, Version 2.

    There is a more elegant solution for the 4.5 volt mod, but it involves modifying a 4-cell holder so that it holds 3 batteries. This is a lot of work, but the advantage is that the battery holder will fit inside the battery compartment.

    I will post this 4-cell battery holder to 3-cell battery holder later, as I need to improve my light set-up, so that you can see what is being done to modify the battery holder. 



    For those of you who are not technically inclined, you can still find batteries (#531 4.5v, #532 3v) at Amazon.com.

    Polaroid Folding Land Camera Batteries:

    Exell A19PX/ 531 4.5v battery



    Exell A24PX/ 532 3v battery








    Update: 35mm film in a Diana+ Camera

    First attempts at 35mm

    First attempts at 35mm in a Diana+

    35mm film mounted to a craft stick

    This is a quick update on how to use 35mm film in a Diana camera. I haven't got all the kinks worked out yet, but this is what I've done so far.

    These photos are from the first roll of 35mm film I tried running through my Diana+. I gave up on the eBay 35mm film adapter. In the Holga conversion, they use foam rubber, but that didn't seem practical because of the Diana's physical design. I used a wooden tongue depressor, cut to the height of a 120 film spool. A popsicle stick would also work, but I like the wider tongue depressor, because there's more area to tape to. I think it makes the 35mm cassette more stable. I taped the film to that, to position the cassette in the center of the film path. I didn't use the 16 frame mask.

    From the first roll results, the first thing you notice is the red circle in the middle of the frames. I had taped up the open window from the inside of the camera, so I thought I hadn't done a good enough job. Then I realized that I had only taped the open window, not both counter windows. The leakage is from the window that was covered by the plastic counter slider. It isn't light tight, so next run, I'll be taping up both windows.

    I had no idea how far to advance the film, but I had read somewhere on flickr, that 2-1/2 turns works for the Diana. That's about twice what you need. The width of each frame is about 11 sprocket holes. 2-1/2 turns is about 21 sprocket holes at the beginning of the roll to about 23 sprocket holes by the end of the roll (it changes as the roll increases on the takeup spool). Next time, I will try 1-1/2 turns. I made a mark with a sharpie pen on the winder knob, so I could tell how far I was turning it. I might have skipped a few details here, but I will write this up fully when I am done. I also will try and figure out how to use 35mm film with the 16 frame mask in the Diana+ and a vintage Diana camera.

    Video: Holga Modification - Velcro

    Have you ever had the back of your Holga unexpectedly pop open? This is the Holga mod for you! In this video, I show you how to apply velcro to keep the back from falling off, and to protect the counter window.

    All my how-to videos can be viewed here: